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Locality: Saint Petersburg
Nearest metro station: Nevsky Prospekt
Architect: Voronikhin A.N.
Kazan Cathedral is one of the biggest building in the Saint Petersburg. Per order of the Emperor of Russia Paul I the cathedral was built resembling to the St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. For the this on the north facade the architect built a colonnade from ninety-six columns. The colonnade is made in a semicircle. At the east side of the colonnade there is a monument to the Field Marshal Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov and at the west side of the colonnade there is a monument to another Field Marshal Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly. Also, next to the north façade there are forth sculptures: to Andrew the Apostle, to John the Baptist, to Vladimir the Great and to Alexander Nevsky.
The feature of the Cathedral is that per Orthodox canon the entrance to the cathedral must located on the west side and the altar on the east side, that is why the cathedral stands sideways to the main street of Saint Petersburg, Nevsky Prospekt. But the building front colonnade helped to solve this problem. From the south side of the cathedral also planned to build similar colonnade but this part of the project wasn’t realized.
Till 1801 on this place was the church of the Nativity of the Virgin which by this time had already decayed. That is why in 1799 the Emperor of Russia Paul I announced a competition for the best project of new cathedral. The first place took the project of the architect Voronikhin A.N. and in 1801 was started the building of the cathedral. In 1811 the building was finished. For this job, Andrey Nikiforovich Voronikhin was awarded by Order of Saint Vladimir.
Go to the metro station Nevsky Prospektand exit to Nevsky Prospekt next to Griboyedov Canal. When you will exit to the street you’ll immediately see Kazan Cathedral. You should just cross Nevsky Prospektand and cross Griboyedov Canal by the Kazan bridge and you next to the Kazan Cathedral.